Common psychotherapy techniques include:
· Cognitive behavioral therapy, which helps you identify unhealthy, negative beliefs and behaviors and replace them with healthy, positive ones. This is the most common type of therapy and is generally set up in a structured, goal-oriented format with a set number of sessions.
· Interpersonal therapy, which focuses on your current relationships with other people to improve your interpersonal skills — how you relate to others, such as family, friends and colleagues.
· Psychodynamic psychotherapy, which focuses on increasing your awareness of unconscious thoughts and behaviors, developing new insights into your motivations, and resolving conflicts to live a happier life.
· Dialectical behavior therapy, a type of cognitive behavioral therapy that teaches behavioral skills to help you tolerate stress, manage your emotions and improve your relationships with others.
· Acceptance and commitment therapy, which helps you identify your thoughts and feelings, learn to accept them, and then commit yourself to the changes you want to make.
· Family therapy, which helps individuals within a family understand and improve the way family members interact with each other and resolve conflicts.
· Group therapy, which brings together a small group of people facing a similar mental illness or situation, with a discussion led by a qualified counselor or mental health provider.
· Marriage counseling, also called couples therapy, which gives partners — married or not — the tools to communicate better, negotiate differences, problem solve and even argue in a healthier way.
· Psychoanalysis, which guides you to examine memories, events and feelings from the past to understand your current feelings and behavior.
· Psychoeducation, which teaches you about your illness, including treatments, coping strategies and problem-solving skills.